A groundbreaking, haunting, and profoundly moving history of modernity's greatest tragedy: concentration camps For over 100 years, at least one concentration camp has existed somewhere on Earth. First used as battlefield strategy, camps have evolved with each passing decade, in the scope of their effects and the savage practicality with which governments have employed them. Even in the 21st century, as we continue to reckon with the magnitude and horror of the Holocaust, history tells us we have broken our own solemn promise of "never again". In this harrowing work based on archival records and interviews during travel to four continents, Andrea Pitzer reveals for the first time the chronological and geopolitical history of concentration camps. Beginning with 1890s Cuba, she pinpoints concentration camps around the world and across decades. From the Philippines and Southern Africa in the early 20th century to the Soviet Gulag and detention camps in China and North Korea during the Cold War, camp systems have been used as tools for civilian relocation and political repression. Often justified as a measure to protect a nation or even the interned groups themselves, camps have instead served as brutal and dehumanizing sites that have claimed the lives of millions. Drawing from exclusive testimony, landmark historical scholarship, and stunning research, Andrea Pitzer unearths the roots of this appalling phenomenon, exploring and exposing the staggering toll of the camps: our greatest atrocities, the extraordinary survivors, and even the intimate, quiet moments that have also been part of camp life during the past century. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Andrea Pitzer. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/hach/003486/bk_hach_003486_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,3, South Bank University London (International Business), language: English, abstract: Global economic integration has changed business conditions significantly. Due to their limited financial and human resources it was initially difficult for German small and medium-sized businesses to internationalize. Nowadays, this business segment is heavily approaching foreign markets. Export is still the dominating internationalization mode, however it is supplemented by the relocation of selected business activities or entire value networks to foreign markets. Corporations operating internationally and establishing foreign subsidiaries are facing the obligation as well as the challenge to profit from cross-border interaction. However, potential synergetic benefits provided by the international environment are accompanied by even more demanding challenges.This dissertation elaborates to which extend German small and medium-sized manufacturing businesses could benefit from the implementation of a strategic cross-border synergy management. The study is based on a single case study deriving the research hypotheses and a survey investigating cross-border interaction throughout a sample of small and medium-sized manufacturing businesses. Research findings indicate that headquarter - subsidiary interaction within this business segment provides unutilized synergetic potential, as barriers are blocking the optimal design of cross-border interrelationships. In contrast to the organisational requirements proposed by scientific experts, a significant part of the responding companies are not actively controlling and managing these barriers in a strategic and comprehensive way. Extensive systems thinking and a holistic management approach are required in order to profit from synergetic interaction."Synergies are not realized by themselves - they have to be identified and actively developed within a professionally coordinate process. Management of synergy seeking organizations is asked for intensive efforts beyond daily operations" (Weber and Roventa, 2006).Based on the research findings this paper proposes a holistic framework, designed for strategists of small and medium-sized manufacturing business. It outlines the establishment of the cross-border synergy management concept as part of the corporate strategy and the efficient and effective management of international interaction.
Feeling at home in today s rapidly changing world is a project rather than a given. More and more individuals, even entire communities must leave behind their familiar environments. Within this context, displacement can be interpreted as an identity crisis, one which puts into question, and at times suspends, the possibility of telling a coherent story thus allowing the storyteller to be a powerful, creative agent. The guiding questions of this book relate notions of identity, displacement and art. As artists, what are our particular ways of addressing the issue of identity in the context of immigration? What are our strategies of relocation? What are the implications for art education? To answer these questions the author gathered and analyzed the life narratives of three recent immigrant women who use art to express themselves. Included in this analysis are reflections related to the author s immigration from native Romania to Canada. Focusing on the artists accounts, the book explores the relationship between the experience of displacement and the (re)construction of identity, and uncovers ways by which visual narrative has been used as a strategy of empowerment.
Offshoring concerns the relocation of white-collar business processes from one country to another. Research about the business- and economic rationales of this strategy is abundant, yet we cannot sufficiently explain offshoring governance decisions and their consequences. This book elaborates on the antecedents of the mode of governance in offshoring, i.e., it addresses the question whether offshoring is performed "in-house" with a captive entity, or with the support of a third-party service provider. Building on the insights into this "make-or-buy" decision, this book further tackles the nature of client-service provider relationships. The literature suggests that in external service relationships (such as, for instance, auditing), the dissolution of contracts is a rare event. I assume that offshoring relationships are similar in this regard. In order to facilitate the longevity of the relationships, mechanisms that aim at reducing potential agency costs need to be put in place. I will provide an empirical explanation for the sustainability of relationships between clients and service providers in offshoring.
In the recent years there have been several forces that have increased the competition between companies. Such forces are for example: improved transport facilities, trade regions and information technology. Those forces have enabled the increased globalization, which has increased the competition. These quality improvements have forced company to focus on the efficient reduction of cost wherever possible. As a result, many companies have outsourced manufacturing activities to low-cost manufacturing countries, which means that the supply chain management has became a new frontier in the business strategy. The best known method of cost estimation of a product is effectively and correctly modelling the activities. However, outsourcing manufacturing activities elsewhere can be two-fold. On one hand, there can be positive gains such as increased profits from the relocation. On the other hand, unforeseen or indirect cost can suddenly appear and create investment problems. The term that best describes this situation in a company is supply chain strategy not to be confused by supply chain management. Supply chain strategy is an iterative process that evaluates the cost benefit tradeoffs
This book analyses the housing and governance policies of the city of Surakarta, in Indonesia. It addresses the question of whether Surakarta's strategy for handling the city's informal sector and marginal settlements shows evidence of sustainability and good governance. The book illustrates current trends in urban development and discussions on effective strategies for improving living conditions in slums on both a global and national scale. Using four main programs as examples, it presents a detailed overview of Surakarta's housing policies regarding the poor. It critically evaluates the city's relocation measures and shows that Surakarta's city government has put into place an effective policy, reaching the poor by inclusive approaches. Influenced by global discussions and best practices, the programs examined are characterized by elements of good governance and Solo's strategies have already been disseminated to other Indonesian cities. However, the book argues that deficits remain regarding participation and transparency.The work is based on Christian Obermayr's outstanding Master's thesis, defended in 2013 at the University of Innsbruck, Austria.
The relocation of IT service delivery to low-cost countries is an established business strategy today. Matthias Daub develops a structured framework for the management of service offshore centers taking into account the strategic relevance of the services and the characteristics of their customer relationships. Detailed case studies give important insights into different service offshoring centers in Eastern Europe. The study shows which coordination mechanisms to apply and can serve as a guideline for academics as well as for practitioners.